The urban population in China has been on a massive upward surge. It started increasing particularly since the policy of reform and opening up initiated by Deng Xiaoping in 1976. It led to greater mobility of people due to newly unleashed forces of marketisation. The processes of natural increase, migration and the change in the definition of ‘urban’ have been responsible for the increase.
This paper tries to understand the ongoing process of urbanisation, the impacts produced and the way that lies ahead. For the purpose, data and statistics on the varying levels of industrialisation, urbanisation and migration from the different provinces/ municipalities/autonomous regions have been collected and analysed. The data and figures used for the work in maps, tables and graphs do not include those from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan.